The collecting location affected the percentage of full seeds, specially in the cultivar roxo 17. Invasion of the brazilian campo rupestre by the exotic. Both invasive species produced negative impacts, but a single species was the main driver. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of soil fertility, competition and soil disturbance in facilitating melinis invasion and growth in these savanna sites. In all cases a common pasture grass,pennisetum clandestinum kikuyu. Melinis minutiflora in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Department of agriculture, forest service, rocky mountain research station, fire sciences laboratory producer. Watson pygmy poppy subordinate taxa the plants database includes the following 3 subspecies of eschscholzia minutiflora. Find further fire regime information for the plant communities in which this species may occur by entering the species name in the feis home page under find fire regimes.
Unlimited viewing of the articlechapter pdf and any associated supplements and figures. The scientific name of molassesgrass is melinis minutiflora p. One of the most significant effects of the changes in the vegetation due to human activities is the alteration of the water. Constraints to colonization and growth of the african grass, melinis minutiflora, in a venezuelan savanna. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences. Melinis minutiflora is a branching, spreading, perennial grass, feet tall. Download pdf 226 kb abstract the effect of five inocula of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi amf on the grass melinis minutiflora beauv. Herbicides for the control of molasses grass situation herbicide rate registration details nonagricultural areas, domestic and public service areas, commercial and industrial areas, bushlandnative forests, roadsides, rightsofway, vacant. Some of these actions may be required under local laws. The nfixing legume periandra mediterranea constrains the invasion.
Melinis minutiflora is an invasive species that threatens the biodiversity of the endemic vegetation of the campo rupestre biome in brazil, displacing the. Repellence of the tick rhipicephalus appendiculatus by the. The effects were generally higher when both invasive grasses were removed, suggesting impacts were synergistic, but m. Melinis minutiflora scientific name melinis minutiflora p. Constraints to colonization and growth of the african grass. In a study to develop antitick pastures, the climbing behaviour of rhipicephalus appendiculatus on melinis minutiflora molasses grass was investigated.
Melinis minutiflora wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. Pdf management techniques for the control of melinis minutiflora. Plants profile for melinis minutiflora molassesgrass. Despite the wide variation in seed characteristics and the delay in flowering, it is concluded that most native grass. Pdf effects of molasses grass, melinis minutiflora volatiles on the. Melinis minutiflora, commonly known as molasses grass, is a species of grass it is a perennial grass native to africa, where it occurs in disjunct populations an arc from central angola to cameroon in western central africa, the areas around ruwenzori moutnains and mount kenya in eastern africa. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the global biodiversity information facility gbif data portal and. Experiments were done with cut green stems of grass, grass dried in the shade, grass dried in sunshine, grass washed in solvent and grass growing in a. Molasses grass usually grows to be thirty to sixty inches tall. Accumulation of aerial biomass and nutrients in melinis minutiflora p.
Melinis is a genus of african and arabian plants in the grass family the generic name is derived from the greek meline meaning millet species. Itis integrated taxonomic information system, 2008. The culms are usually decumbent, rooting at the lower nodes, and form purple to redbrown, loose tussocks partridge, 2003. Once established, if unmanaged, it forms monospecific stands.
We measured net precipitation responses by the canopies of pennisetum clandestinum hochst. Abstract exotic grasses are becoming increasingly abundant in neotropical savannas, with melinis minutiflora. Media in category melinis this category contains only the following file. Contact your local government for more information.
Poaceae is an african grass that is invading midelevation trachypogon savannas in venezuela. Starr0511225304melinis repenshabithaleakala ranchmaui 24553983010. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. In this study, our aim was to determine the impact of m.
It is a perennial grass native to africa, where it occurs in disjunct populations an. The invasive grass, melinis minutiflora, inhibits tree. Fifteen bacterial strains isolated from molasses grass melinis minutiflora beauv. The samples were taken from grazed pastures during 1 year, digging out round mats of grass, placing them on wiremesh devices after eliminating soil and underground biomass, and irrigating.
Multiple ecological strategies explain the distribution of exotic and. Melinis minutiflora is a species which would best be used in a tick control within a marginal tick zone, while andropogon gayanus would be better within an endemic tick zone thompson et al. Combines well with legumes under appropriate management. The invasive grass, melinis minutiflora, inhibits tree regeneration in a neotropical savanna william a. Based on these data, a novel species, azospirillum melinis sp. Morphological description tufted perennial reaching. Pdf the invasion of exotic species is considered to be a major. Melinis minutiflora invasion threatens the biodiversity of a campo rupestre biome the site was assessed using leaf c, n, and.
It is already widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions due to its long use as a pasture grass and ornamental plant. Hoffmann department of plant biology, campus box 7612, north carolina state university, raleigh, nc 276957612, usa email. Intercropping with the nonhost molasses grass, melinis minutiflora, significantly decreased levels of infestation by stemborers in the main crop and also increased larval parasitism of. Information on statelevel noxious weed status of plants in the united states is available at plants database. Beauv poaceae, an interesting new record for peninsular india. Melinis, the genus name, is either derived from the greek melas, meaning black, as the seeds of the grass are black, or from the latin mel or honey, as some members of the genus give off a strong molasses smell. Can be transient, and should not be the only species sown.
Folk medicine in brazil, an infusion of the plant is used for diarrhea watt and breyerbrandwijk, 1962. Eddmaps distribution this map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Andean cloud forests play an important role in watershed hydrology. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. Information about melinis minutiflora from weeds of hawaiis pastures and natural areas. Dormancy and storage potential of melinis minutiflora seeds. Plants profile for eschscholzia minutiflora pygmy poppy. Melinis minutiflora, commonly known as molasses grass, is a species of grass. Intercropping increases parasitism of pests nature. Pdf accumulation of aerial biomass and nutrients in melinis.
Melinis minutiflora is an aggressive species with more than three times the fertile seed production of native species 2820 seeds per gram, high germination rate 55% and a high number of germinable seeds 1551 per gram. In all cases a common pasture grass,pennisetum clandestinum kikuyu grass, was. In the cerrado biome of brazil, african grasses constitute a serious problem, occurring in virtually all protected areas. Melinis minutiflora establishes quickly from seed, developing into a competitive mat, and dominating other grasses initially. The pdf file linked from each plant community name describes the model and synthesizes the knowledge available on vegetation composition, structure, and. Species description or overview melinis minutiflora information from ctahr motooka et al. Melinis minutiflora the following table provides fire regime information that may be relevant to molassesgrass habitats. Pdf olfactory responses of the cereal stemborer parasitoid cotesia sesamiae to volatiles emitted by. Media in category melinis minutiflora the following 114 files are in this category, out of 114 total. Constraints to colonization and growth of the african. These strains were classified as a unique group by insertion sequencepcr fingerprinting, sdspage protein patterns, dnadna hybridization, 16s rrna gene sequencing and morphological. Melinis minutiflora is a matforming plant with creeping stoloniferous stems and semiupright flowering stems. It also affected seed dormancy in both cultivars 20% to 80% and seed viability in the cultivar roxo 80% to 96%.
Molasses grass melinis minutiflora is similar to red natal grass melinis repens. Intercropping with the nonhost molasses grass, melinis minutiflora, significantly decreased levels of infestation by stemborers in the main crop and also increased larval parasitism of stem. Impact of invasion by molasses grass melinis minutiflorap. Pdf accumulation of aerial biomass and nutrients in. An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. Seed characterization and direct sowing of native grass.
Melinis minutiflora is an invasive species that threatens the biodiversity of the endemic vegetation of the campo rupestre biome in brazil. Molasses grass department of agriculture and fisheries. Growing as a roadside weed in hawaii photograph by. Herbicides for the control of molasses grass situation herbicide rate registration details nonagricultural areas. The conversion of montane cloud forests into pastures or into various types of crops is the main cause of important impacts on rivers and streams bruijnzeel, 1990, bruijnzeel, 2001. This page was created on 4252008 and was last updated on 4252008. In a study to develop antitick pastures, the climbing behaviour ofrhipicephalus appendiculatus onmelinis minutiflora molasses grass was investigated. Interception of water by pastures of pennisetum clandestinum. These results help to explain the ecological behavior of melinis minutiflora. For 1 we installed plots in grass patches of melinis minutiflora molasse grass, an alien grass and imperata brasiliensis satintail, a native grass that occurs in degraded areas.
The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. Experiments were done with cut green stems of grass, grass dried in the shade, grass dried in sunshine, grass washed in solvent and grass growing in a study plot. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 423930 with original publication details. It has a strong characteristic odour of molasses, or cumin, due to the secretion of a volatile oil through the leaf hairs fao, 2011.1206 875 237 1005 398 370 1379 324 389 1482 119 1287 655 1130 481 1475 1547 1419 884 737 1412 605 1383 185 562 58 1514 1211 223 791 182 481 1467 992 1348 29 930 1007 1441 1328 838